Study of antibiotic resistance pattern of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from burn patients swab
Sathe Shahadeo Narayan, RM Gulve
The present study performed on patients admitted in burns unit to determine Pseudomonas aeruginosa of burn wound infection and to study their antibiogram. It is an opportunistic pathogen that develops life threatening infection in patients with immunological system defect like burn patient.In this study during the period of last six month [1June to 31December2018] total samples of 135 burn patients swab was collected using sterile cotton swabs from hospitalized in the Kasturba Hospital, Mahalaxmi, Mumbai. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was identified by standard bacteriological method. The antibiotic resistance patterns using different antimicrobial agents like [Ceftazidime, Cefepime, Colistin, Gentamicin, Amikacin, Ciprofloxacin, Imipenem and Levofloxacin] were performed for all the isolates using Kirby Bauer’s disc diffusion method.Pseudomonas aeruginosa were isolated from 135 clinical samples and all these isolates multidrug resistance Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The resistance rate to various antibiotics were as Ceftazidime [26.66%] Cefepime [8.88%] Colistin [14.81%] Gentamicin [34.07%] Amikacin [13.33%] Ciprofloxacin [32.59%] Imipenem [16.80%] and Levofloxacin [15.83%]This hospital-based study will be help to implement better infection control strategies and improve the knowledge of antibiotic resistance patterns among clinicians. The finding of study also helpful for identifying the common bacteria causing burn wound infection. To prevent the spread of the resistant bacteria, it is critically important to have strict antibiotic policies in our country.